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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES - SOUTH ANCESTORS

GWYNNE

(Also recorded as GUIN and GWYNN)

      My 3G Grandfather 58-Joseph GWYNNE was born in London in 1748 and came to America with his parents in 1756, when ten years old.  The GWYNNES lived first in Chester County, then Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.  In 1767 58-Joseph made his way to what later became Greene County, PA where he acquired land on Muddy Creek.  He then reportedly went back to London for a short time but soon returned to America where he served in the Continental Army. 

He was stationed at Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) and is reported to have been sent with the part of his regiment that served at Saratoga under General MORGAN.  His regiment returned to Fort Pitt in 1778 where he served until discharged from the army.  In all he served about three years before returning to his Muddy Creek farm.  Here he became a member of Captain William CRAWFORD’S Company of the Washington County Militia, and served many tours of duty. 

He married 59-Esther LAYTON and they had ten children, James, Joseph, Jr. (who served in the War of 1812), and married Martha DOWLIN (a sister of my GG Grandfather 28-John DOWLIN), Alfred, 29-Elizabeth (who became the wife of 28-John DOWLIN), Susannah, Martha, Cyrene, Anna, Esther and Jesse, who died in childhood. 

58-Joseph died in 1831 at age 84 and 59-Esther in 1834 at age 72.  Both are buried in the family burial plot on his original Muddy Creek farm.

NOTE: The earlier generations of the Gwynnes included in the original printing of this booklet have been deleted because the source of the information (The Horn Papers by W. F. Horn) was found to be inaccurate.



SUPPLEMENTAL BIOGRAPHIC MATERIAL - GWYNNE 
(Added after initial printing)

The following biographic sketch includes “new” information concerning my 3G Grandfather 58-Joseph GWYNNE (1748-1831).
 
58-Joseph GWYNNE was born February 03, 1748 in London, England, and died April 5, 1831 in Greene Co., Pa. (Source: Greene Co., Pa. Probated will of Joseph GWYNNE, 30 April 1831.  Est. No. 677, W.B. 1 page 385).

Joseph GWYNNE married 59-Esther/Hester LAYTON and moved to West Augusta Co., Va., settling in what is now Cumberland Twp., Greene Co., PA.; where he tomahawked a 400 acre tract and erected a two-room log house.  The house was destroyed by fire in 1771, and he built a new house partially of stone.

Howard LECKEY (TEN MILE COUNTRY AND ITS PIONEER FAMILIES) says that Joseph, at one point, left to return to England, got as far as Cuba; which, beginning in 1758, was under occupation for a time by the English army, and  “he engaged in a sugar plantation," before returning to farm near Khedive on Muddy Creek.  Squatters had taken some of Joseph’s land while he was in Cuba, but he was able to warrant the tract mentioned above.

Records show that about this time Joseph was selected as a juror at the Camp Catfish (later Basset Town and later yet Washington, PA.) Court, but was excused due to sickness in his family.  He served as a guard on the Monongahela River against the Cayuga-Seneca Indians in 1774 and again in 1782.

Joseph GWYNNE is listed among those who signed the Westsylvania Petition to the Continental Congress, and then signed another in December 1775, asking Virginia to take the area under its protection.  Records show that both Joseph "GUIN" and Thomas "GUIN" signed the Westsylvania Petition. (Papers of the Continental Congress No. 48, folios 251-6, pp. 89-96).

LECKEY states that Joseph enlisted in the Eighth Pennsylvania Regiment (DARPI-CED-V2-P-1258-Pvt., Cl, PA; Pennsylvania Archives, Series V, Vol. 3, pp. 368; Series VI, Vol. 2, pp. 172).  In 1775 he marched with Michael Cresap from Fort Teagarden (Millsborough) to Cambridge, Massachusetts.

In November 1776 he made the march with the Regiment, which included Jeremiah LONG (father of his future son-in-law, Jeremiah LONG, Jr., who married Joseph’s oldest daughter Cyrene (Serena)).  Also included was Richard IVERS (Jeremiah LONG’S brother-in-law).  They joined Washington's forces in New Jersey and spent the infamous winter of 1777-78 at Valley Forge.  The Eighth Pennsylvania Regiment took part in the Battles of Bound Brook, Brandywine, Germantown and it is possible that he also saw service at Saratoga under General MORGAN.  The Regiment returned to Fort Pitt in 1778.

Joseph GWYNNE served a little more than three years at this time and several later tours under Captain William CRAWFORD of the Eighth Regiment of the Pennsylvania Militia.

Augusta County, Va. Court Records indicate that he qualified as First Lieutenant in Captain HICKLIN’S Company on 21 Jan. 1781.

He became a prominent citizen of early Greene County and a dedicated public servant.  Records show him as a County Commissioner in 1800 and County Treasurer in 1804.

SOURCE: Cousin Marty BURNS, Anaheim, CA


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